A Timeline history of the Violin Bow - from c. 1600 - 1800

... the sources in detail ...


Herbst, Johann Andreas (1588 - 1666)
Musica Moderna Prattica, Frankfurt, 1653 (2nd edition), 1658 (3rd edition)

(An online facsimile is available on imslp, here)

Herbst was a German theorist and composer. His Musica Moderna Prattica, is a guide to singing in the Italian manner, much of it taken directly from Praetorius and Rognoni. His main concern is ornamentation, the most part of the treatise consisting of diminution tables for different interval and figures. Towards the end of the treatise (p. 51 in the 1653 edition), Herbst moves on to ornaments appropriate for instruments: "Nun folgen die Cadentien welche allein auff die Instrumenta Musicalia, als Violinen, Cornetten und Flöten gerichtet sind." The examples are lifted pretty much exactly from the ornament tables in Rognoni, except with the addition of bowing. Interesting is his little preparatory paragraph on bowing:

Notice that, at the beginning of the music: the bow should be drawn against the right hand [presumably he means a down bow]. And when the whole rests are present, then one has to continue with the down-bow; but if half rests or quarter notes are found, then up bow follows. Also note that if the symbol T is found, one should draw a down-bow; but where the symbol P stands, then take an up-bow.
The examples themselves typically demonstrate a concern with bowing faster notes "the right way round", and ensuring a down bow on the barline. Worth noticing that he also illustrates starting a passage with an up-bow, should there be an uneven number of notes before the ensuing bar-line: